By definition, the island refers to any area of the subcontinental land, which is surrounded on all sides by water.
There are islands of various shapes and sizes, and they are located in different parts of the world. Here is a list of some of the unique islands in the world and a description of the features that make them so unique.
9. THE LARGEST ISLAND IN THE WORLD IN SIZE
Greenland – the largest non-continental island in the world in terms of area. The island borders the Atlantic Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, Baffin Bay and the Greenland Sea. The total area of the island is 2 166 086 square kilometers. Most of this area (1,755,637 sq km) is covered with an ice shield in Greenland. The island is sparsely populated, and since 2013 the population of Greenland is only 56,480 people.
8. THE LARGEST ISLAND THAT IS LOCATED ON THE LAKE
Manitoulin Island is the world’s largest freshwater island, located on the lake. The island is located on Lake Huron in the Canadian province of Ontario. There are 108 freshwater lakes on the island, including Lake Manitou, which keeps a record lake in the world on the island. Manitoulin Island even has four major rivers flowing through it. These rivers are an important habitat for trout and salmon. Manitoulin Island covers an area of 2766 square kilometers, and Lake Manitou on the island covers an area of 104 square kilometers.
7. THE LARGEST RIVER ISLAND IN THE WORLD
The island of Maraggio is the largest river island in the world. The river island is one that is formed by sedimentary deposits of a river or stream. The island is located in the delta of the Amazon River in the Brazilian state of Para. The island covers an area of 40,100 square kilometers. km.
6. THE LARGEST UNINHABITED ISLAND IN THE WORLD
Devon Island, located in Baffin Bay in the Canadian province of Nunavut, is the largest uninhabited island in the world. The island covers an area of 55,247 square kilometers, which roughly corresponds to the size of Croatia. The island has extremely harsh conditions due to its relatively high terrain and extreme northern location. There are no permanent settlements on Devon Island. Here there are only small populations of small mammals, birds and musk oxen. The island serves as an important base for scientific research related to extraterrestrial space, especially on the planet Mars. The surface and living conditions of the island of Devon are often compared with the surface of Mars.
5. THE LOWEST-LYING ISLAND IN THE WORLD
The island on Lake Afrara in northern Ethiopia is located on the lowest-lying lake in the world. The island is known as the island of Franchetti and is located on the southern part of the lake.
4. THE ISLAND, DIVIDED BY THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF COUNTRIES
The island of Borneo is not only the third largest in the world and the largest island in Asia, but also divided by the largest number of countries. The island of Borneo is politically divided into three countries of Indonesia, Brunei and Malaysia. 73% of the island is part of Indonesia, and two Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah occupy 26% of the island. Brunei is a sovereign nation, which makes up only 1% of the Borneo area along the northern coast of the island.
3. THE MOST REMOTE ISLAND IN THE WORLD
The name of the most remote island in the world belongs to the island of Bouvet. It is an uninhabited subantarctic island located in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean. The nearest inhabited continent is the coast of South Africa, located 2600 km from the island. Bouvet Island covers an area of 49 square kilometers, 93% of which is covered with ice. At present, the island is a politically Norwegian dependency.
2. THE HIGHEST ISLAND IN THE WORLD
The highest island in the name of the world belongs not to one but to a group of islands that are located on Lake Orba-Ko, a lake of great height in the Rutog District of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The lake and, consequently, its islands are at an altitude of 5 km above sea level.
1. THE LARGEST ISLAND ON THE RIVER IN THE WORLD
There are two applicants for this title. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the island of Majuli, located in the Brahmaputra River in the state of Assam, India, is the largest island in the world. However, the island was greatly reduced due to the high level of erosion. At the beginning of the 20th century, the island of Majuli occupied an area of 1,250 square kilometers, which, according to recent estimates, was reduced to 880 square kilometers.
Bananal Island is also often considered the largest river island in the world. The island is located in the Araguaya River in the state of Takantins in Brazil. The island covers an area of 19,162 square kilometers.